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D. Y. Chandrachud, the Chief Justice of India, issued a cautionary assertion relating to the hazard of synthetic intelligence (AI) making prejudiced judgements primarily based on societal prejudices and undermining the suitable to truthful therapy. On Saturday, he delivered a speech on the sixtieth Convocation Ceremony of the Indian Institute of Know-how (IIT) Madras.


In keeping with the CJI, synthetic intelligence (AI) is being quickly carried out to enhance the effectiveness of laptop {hardware} and software program, but it surely additionally has the potential to amplify discrimination and marginalize the social management mechanisms that regulate human habits.

“The potential for AI to enlarge prejudice and weaken the suitable to truthful therapy is a considerable consequence. It has been demonstrated that many AI techniques make biased selections primarily based on information inputs that replicate societal preconceptions. For example, companies’ AI recruitment instruments tended to favor males over ladies since they have been honed utilizing the resumes of profitable workers, who tended to be principally males for gendered causes. Information-driven techniques might do that by marginalizing social management mechanisms that regulate human habits and perpetuating biases.”

The CJI additionally voiced concern in regards to the methods through which AI is likely to be abused to supply deep fakes, to mislead, and to intimidate individuals.

“At the moment, everyone seems to be speaking about synthetic intelligence (AI). Using AI is increasing shortly to enhance the effectiveness of laptop {hardware} and software program. AI instruments like ChatGPT have demonstrated in a comparatively brief period of time that even computer systems are able to writing jokes, codes, and even authorized papers. Even within the Supreme Court docket, stay transcripts of court docket hearings are being transcribed utilizing AI as a part of a pilot programme. The troubles expressed by many individuals relating to the arrival of AI are an illustration of how new applied sciences don’t seem out of nowhere. All the time take heed to the values AI symbolizes and the alternatives it opens up. The AI picture-generating software program, which lets you enter a written immediate and produce a picture, has personally captured my consideration, however I’m additionally conscious of its potential for abuse to supply convincing fakes, to mislead , and to intimidate individuals.”

When creating new know-how, the CJI pushed the scholars to maintain human and societal values in thoughts. In keeping with him, know-how shouldn’t instill customers with a dread of it or stop them from freely and overtly expressing their concepts.

“Know-how mustn’t in any approach make customers afraid of harassment or abuse they might encounter on-line. Such fear will negatively have an effect on our capability for unrestrained and unfiltered thought. The regulation will intervene to guard particular person rights when know-how alone is unable to deal with the undesirable behaviors made potential by latest improvements.” 

As well as, he emphasised that know-how has the capability to make us proof against challenges that threaten our liberties sooner or later and that each small advance in know-how has the potential to revolutionize individuals’s lives, heal societal divisions, and guarantee justice for everybody.

“The flexibility of know-how to allow every individual’s liberties and human rights is its true redemption. Future challenges that threaten our freedoms sooner or later might be made extra resilient by know-how.”

The event of know-how, he continued, doesn’t happen in a social vacuum however reasonably inside a fancy net of societal realities and authorized, financial, and political frameworks.

“Know-how doesn’t advance in a social vacuum, which is why. They happen inside a fancy net of societal realities, authorized techniques, and financial, political, and institutional frameworks.”

The CJI additionally mentioned how no know-how is impartial and the way, when used within the precise world, it’d signify human values.

“There isn’t a doubt that digital communication embodies the virtues of cooperation and communication. Moreover, it opens the door to the opportunity of widespread surveillance of our most personal and delicate ideas and information.”

He offered an illustration of how the usage of video conferencing know-how goes past easy communication and collaboration to incorporate everybody and supply entry to justice.

“Science and know-how needs to be considered as vital contributors to human progress. Past communication and collaboration, video conferencing know-how has advantages for entry to justice and inclusivity.”

On the sixtieth convocation, 2,573 college students acquired diplomas, together with 453 PhDs, 674 BTechs, 407 twin levels, and 442 MTechs. 


AI is a quickly evolving know-how that has the potential to rework varied sectors and domains, together with the judiciary. AI can help in lowering case backlogs, enhancing judicial effectivity, enhancing authorized analysis, and automating processes. Nevertheless, AI additionally poses some challenges and dangers, equivalent to bias, accountability, transparency, and moral implications. In India, the judiciary has been exploring the usage of AI in varied methods, equivalent to in translation of judicial paperwork, authorized analysis help, and course of automation. 

Whereas AI can provide many advantages to the Indian judiciary, it additionally requires cautious consideration and regulation to make sure that it doesn’t violate human rights, privateness, information safety, or equity. AI mustn’t substitute human judgment or discretion, however reasonably increase and help it. AI must also be clear and explainable, that means that it ought to present clear and comprehensible causes for its selections and actions. Furthermore, AI needs to be developed and deployed by various and moral stakeholders, who observe moral ideas and tips for accountable AI.